There are several different types of climbing that people practice for the sport. Climbing first began to be recognized as a sport when it was developed independently of the climbing techniques of mountaineering in the Victorian era in the late eighteen hundreds. Over the years, many special safety equipment and proven techniques have been developed to stay safe and enable a safe, controlled ascent. However, the sport of climbing can still be divided into two main areas: Free climbing and auxiliary climbing. Freeclimbing uses only the natural characteristics of the rock face to be climbed and is much more dangerous than climbing with safety gear.
But even when using safety equipment, many climbers try to follow the ethics that their climbing activities must not damage or alter the surface of the rock face more than absolutely necessary. For some types of short distance climbers, such as boulderers, purists believe in free climbing, supported by a kind of pad on the ground to catch them falling. So they can climb without traces in the rock. Cams are also a good way to climb without leaving too much marking on the surface, while driving spikes into the rock, which can be used as handholds and places to tie ropes, is one of the most invasive ways of climbing.
Lead climbing is one of the most common types of climbing, where climbers go up in pairs and the line (or top climber) is attached to the lower climber, or secondly with a rope length. The one who is the lowest at the moment is the second and has the task of securing the rope, fixing the securing system to the rock and stopping the rope in order to protect the other climber from damage in the event of a fall. In lead climbing, safety devices are usually left on the mountain at regular intervals. In traditional climbing, these safety devices installed by the climber are usually removed to the second during the climb. This keeps the climbing area close to the way it was found and the same level of challenge and fun for future climbers.
Top rope climbing is a variant of the two-person climbing system where the person responsible for securing the rope and the system is at the top. The person at the top sets an anchor and helps to hold the rope while the other climber makes his way up.
Not all climbing takes place outdoors’ Indoor climbing is becoming increasingly popular and is the way many people are starting to get excited about the sport. Regular-grip climbing walls can be built inside a building to teach people climbing techniques, and this type of wall climbing with grips is sometimes used in sports competitions and is fun in itself.